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Christmas in the Mediterranean – feast dishes

History of Christmas in the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean has a rich cultural heritage, and its Christmas traditions are no exception. The history of Christmas in the Mediterranean can be traced back to ancient times, influenced by various cultures and religions. In Greece, for example, the celebration of Christmas is deeply rooted in the country’s Orthodox Christian traditions. The holiday season is marked by festive gatherings with family and friends, where traditional dishes take center stage. Olive oil, a staple in Mediterranean cuisine, plays a crucial role in the preparation of these dishes, adding a burst of flavor and richness. From classic Greek recipes like roast lamb and cabbage salads to Mediterranean fish dishes and baked feta, the dinner menu is a true reflection of the region’s culinary identity. Vegetarian options are also abundant, with delights such as Greek spinach and baba ganoush making for a satisfying and healthy feast. Whatever the choice may be, the use of fresh vegetables, lemon juice, and zest, alongside the perfect complement of fruity olive oil, creates a truly festive and delicious Christmas meal.

Popular Dishes Celebrated During Christmas in the Mediterranean

During the holiday season in the Mediterranean, a variety of popular dishes are celebrated to create a festive and delicious Christmas menu. One traditional recipe is Roast Lamb with Honey Syrup and Orange Juice Glaze, which features tender lamb cooked to perfection and glazed with a sweet and tangy mixture of honey syrup and orange juice. The flavors of this dish perfectly complement the rich and fruity olive oil that is commonly used in Mediterranean cooking.

For those seeking a vegetarian option, Stuffed Eggplant with Cream Cheese and Fresh Herbs is a favorite recipe. This dish combines roasted eggplants with a filling made of cream cheese and fresh herbs like dill, creating a flavorful and satisfying vegetarian main course.

On Christmas Eve, a popular Mediterranean fish dish is often enjoyed. Using fresh fish, this recipe combines the flavors of lemon juice, lemon zest, and olive oil to create a light and refreshing dish that truly showcases the essence of Mediterranean living.

These dishes are just a few examples from the wide array of classic Mediterranean recipes that grace the festive tables during Christmas. With their emphasis on fresh vegetables, olive oil, and exquisite flavors, these dishes not only add a sense of tradition to the holiday season but also reflect the renowned Mediterranean diet. Enjoying these dishes is the perfect way to create a balanced and flavorful Christmas menu.

Keywords: popular dishes, Mediterranean Christmas, traditional recipes, Roast Lamb, vegetarian option, Mediterranean Fish Dish.


During the holiday season in the Mediterranean, appetizers play a central role in setting the festive tone for a delicious Christmas feast. Olive oil, a staple of the Mediterranean diet, is often featured prominently in these appetizers, adding both flavor and a touch of luxury. From classic dishes like baba ganoush and Greek spinach pies to innovative recipes like baked feta with honey syrup, the appetizer table is always filled with an abundance of delicious options. These healthy party food ideas are not only delicious, but they also perfectly complement the main courses that await. So, gather around the festive table and embark on a culinary journey through the Mediterranean with these amazing appetizers. Whether you’re hosting a dinner party or simply enjoying a cozy brunch, these appetizers are sure to make your holiday season merry and bright.

Olive Tapenade

Olive tapenade is a popular Mediterranean appetizer that is not only delicious but also incredibly easy to make. This flavorful paste is made using a few key ingredients like black olives, capers, garlic, and of course, olive oil.

To create this delectable dish, start by pitting and finely chopping a cup of black olives. Next, finely chop a tablespoon of capers and a garlic clove. These ingredients will add a tangy and slightly salty flavor to the tapenade.

In a food processor, combine the chopped olives, capers, and garlic along with two tablespoons of olive oil. Pulse the mixture until it becomes a coarse paste, making sure not to over-process it. If you prefer a smoother consistency, you can continue blending until you achieve your desired texture.

Once the tapenade is ready, you can serve it as an appetizer with crusty bread or crackers. Its rich and robust flavors make it a perfect accompaniment to a Mediterranean-inspired meal or as a tasty addition to a cheese or charcuterie platter.

The combination of black olives, capers, garlic, and olive oil creates a delightful blend of flavors that will transport you to the Mediterranean with each bite. Whip up a batch of olive tapenade for your next gathering, and your guests will surely be impressed by this simple yet delicious appetizer.

Hummus and Pita Bread

Looking for a simple and healthy appetizer option for your Mediterranean-inspired Christmas feast? Look no further than the classic combination of Hummus and Pita Bread.

Hummus, a creamy dip made with chickpeas and olive oil, is not only delicious but also packs a nutritional punch. Chickpeas are rich in fiber, which aids in digestion and helps keep you feeling fuller for longer. Olive oil, a staple in the Mediterranean diet, adds a rich and fruity flavor to the hummus while providing healthy monounsaturated fats.

To serve, pita bread can be toasted until crisp or served fresh and soft. Its slightly chewy texture pairs perfectly with the creamy hummus, creating a delightful combination of flavors and textures.

This appetizer is not only delicious, but it’s also a healthy choice for your Christmas menu. Hummus is known for its potential health benefits, including improved blood sugar control and heart health. With the Mediterranean twist of using olive oil and enjoying it with pita bread, you can have a balanced and satisfying start to your festive feast.

So, include Hummus and Pita Bread on your appetizer table this Christmas to enjoy a flavorful and healthy start to your Mediterranean Christmas celebration.

Baba Ganoush

Baba Ganoush is a beloved Mediterranean dip that is sure to be a hit at your Christmas feast. This smokey and flavorful eggplant dip is known for its earthy and garlicky taste, making it the perfect addition to any appetizer table.

Similar to hummus, Baba Ganoush is made by blending all the ingredients together in a food processor. The star of this dish is the roasted eggplant. The smokiness from the roasted eggplant gives Baba Ganoush its unique and distinctive flavor. Along with the eggplant, other ingredients like tahini (sesame paste), lemon juice, garlic, and olive oil are also added to the food processor to create a creamy and smooth consistency.

This dip can be served with a variety of accompaniments, such as pita bread, fresh vegetables, or even as a spread in sandwiches. The creamy texture of Baba Ganoush paired with the crispy pita bread or the crunch of fresh vegetables creates a delightful combination of flavors and textures.

Not only is Baba Ganoush a delicious addition to your Christmas menu, but it also offers health benefits. Eggplant is a nutrient-dense vegetable that is high in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. The addition of olive oil provides healthy monounsaturated fats that are essential for heart health. Plus, the flavors of the Mediterranean ingredients make this dip a great choice for those following the Mediterranean diet.

This festive and flavorful Baba Ganoush is the perfect appetizer to kickstart your Christmas feast. Its smokey taste, garlicky undertones, and hummus-like consistency will make it a favorite among your guests.

Greek Spinach Pie

One of the savory pies that are popular during Christmas in the Mediterranean is the Greek Spinach Pie. This traditional dish features a delicious filling of spinach and feta cheese wrapped in flaky pastry.

To make this flavorful pie, you will need the following ingredients: spinach, feta cheese, onion, eggs, fresh dill, olive oil, phyllo pastry sheets, and melted butter.

Start by preheating your oven to 375°F (190°C). In a large pan, heat some olive oil and sauté the chopped onion until it becomes translucent. Then, add the spinach and cook until it wilts.

Remove the mixture from the heat and let it cool. In a separate bowl, beat the eggs and crumble the feta cheese. Add the cooled spinach mixture and chopped dill to the bowl and mix well.

Next, lay a sheet of phyllo pastry on a flat surface and brush it lightly with melted butter. Repeat this process with several layers of phyllo pastry until you have a stack.

Spread the spinach and cheese mixture over the phyllo pastry stack and fold the edges to enclose the filling. Brush the top with more melted butter.

Place the pie on a baking sheet and bake in the preheated oven for about 35-40 minutes, or until the pastry turns golden brown.

The Greek Spinach Pie is a delicious addition to any Christmas dinner party. Its flaky pastry and flavorful filling of spinach and feta cheese make it a true Mediterranean delight. Give this authentic recipe a try and impress your guests this holiday season.

Roasted Vegetables with Garlic and Lemon Zest

Roasted Vegetables with Garlic and Lemon Zest is a healthy and flavorful option to include in your Christmas feast in the Mediterranean. This dish showcases the beauty of seasonal vegetables like squash, Brussels sprouts, and root vegetables, all roasted to perfection with the aromatic combination of garlic and lemon zest.

Not only does this dish taste delicious, but it also aligns perfectly with the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fresh and natural ingredients. By using a fruity olive oil, the vegetables become tender and infused with a light and delightful taste.

The nutritional benefits of roasted vegetables are remarkable. They are low in fat and calories, making them a guilt-free addition to your dinner menu. Additionally, these veggies are rich in vitamins and fiber, promoting a healthy digestive system and supporting overall well-being. Research suggests that a diet rich in fresh vegetables may also lower the risk of heart disease and certain types of cancer.

To create this dish, simply toss the vegetables with olive oil, minced garlic, and lemon zest. Spread them out on a baking tray, ensuring even distribution, and roast them in a hot oven until golden and caramelized.

Roasted Vegetables with Garlic and Lemon Zest will not only add vibrancy and flavor to your Mediterranean Christmas table but also provide a healthy and nourishing option for your guests. Celebrate the holiday season with this delightful dish that perfectly embodies the Mediterranean way of living.

Cabbage Salads with Fresh Dill and Lemony Dressing

Cabbage salads with fresh dill and a zesty lemony dressing are a must-have on any Mediterranean Christmas feast. Packed with refreshing flavors, these salads make a perfect complement to a festive table.

The star of the show in these salads is the humble cabbage. Bursting with crunch and loaded with nutrients, cabbage adds a vibrant and hearty base to the dish. Combine it with a generous amount of fresh dill, known for its distinct flavor and aromatic appeal, and you have a winning combination.

To elevate the taste, a tangy lemony dressing is drizzled over the salads. The blend of lemon juice and olive oil creates a bright and zingy flavor that beautifully enhances the cabbage and dill. This dressing adds a refreshing touch to the salads, making them irresistibly delicious.

To prepare these cabbage salads, you’ll need the following ingredients:

– 1 small head of cabbage, shredded

– 1/4 cup fresh dill, chopped

– 1/4 cup olive oil

– Juice of 1 lemon

– Salt and pepper to taste

Here’s how to make it:

1. In a large bowl, combine the shredded cabbage and chopped fresh dill.

2. In a separate bowl, whisk together the olive oil, lemon juice, salt, and pepper.

3. Drizzle the lemony dressing over the cabbage and dill mixture. Toss well to ensure every leaf is coated.

4. Let the salad sit for at least 15 minutes to allow the flavors to meld together.

5. Serve the cabbage salads as a refreshing and flavorful side dish on your Mediterranean Christmas feast.

These cabbage salads with fresh dill and lemony dressing are a true delight. Their vibrant colors and refreshing flavors will surely impress your guests and make your Christmas feast extra special.

Main Course


No Mediterranean Christmas feast is complete without a delicious main course that showcases the flavors and ingredients of the region. From succulent roasted lamb to flavorful fish dishes, the mediterranean diet offers a variety of traditional recipes that are sure to delight your taste buds and impress your guests. Whether you’re hosting a small intimate gathering or a grand dinner party, these main course dishes will make the holiday season even more special.

1. Roast Lamb:

Roast lamb is a classic and festive dish that takes center stage on many Mediterranean Christmas dinner menus. The tender meat is seasoned with fragrant herbs, drizzled with fruity olive oil, and roasted to perfection. Pair it with roasted vegetables, such as potatoes, carrots, and onions, for a complete and hearty meal. The combination of flavors and aromas will fill your home with warmth and create a memorable dining experience.

2. Mediterranean Fish Dish:

For those seeking a lighter and healthier option, a Mediterranean fish dish is the perfect choice. Fresh fish, such as sea bass or red snapper, is marinated in a mixture of olive oil, lemon juice, and herbs, then grilled or baked to perfection. The result is a tender and flavorful fish that is both satisfying and nutritious. Serve it alongside a bed of fresh vegetables, drizzled with a tangy lemon and olive oil dressing, for a vibrant and refreshing meal.

3. Vegetarian Option:

In keeping with the Mediterranean diet’s focus on fresh vegetables and plant-based ingredients, a vegetarian option is always a welcome addition to the Christmas feast. One popular dish is Greek spinach pie, also known as spanakopita. This savory pie is made with flaky pastry filled with a delicious mixture of sautéed spinach, onions, feta cheese, and herbs. The combination of flavors and textures makes it a crowd-pleasing favorite. Pair it with a side salad, dressed with a lemony vinaigrette, for a well-balanced and satisfying meal.

In conclusion, the Mediterranean Christmas feast offers a variety of main course dishes that cater to different tastes and dietary preferences. Whether you choose to indulge in a succulent roast lamb, savor a flavorful fish dish, or enjoy a delicious vegetarian option, these traditional recipes will bring joy and warmth to your holiday celebration.

Traditional Roast Lamb with Honey Syrup & Orange Juice Glaze

One of the most beloved traditional dishes to grace the Mediterranean Christmas table is the succulent and flavorful roast lamb. To elevate this classic dish, a delightful twist is to glaze the lamb racks with a luscious combination of honey syrup and orange juice, adding a touch of sweetness and tanginess that perfectly complements the rich flavors of the meat.

To prepare the lamb racks, generously season them with salt, ensuring that every part of the meat is coated. Next, create a spice paste by grinding together peppercorns, fennel seeds, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, paprika, cayenne, olive oil, and garlic. This fragrant mixture will infuse the lamb with a medley of flavors.

Preheat the oven to the desired temperature and place the seasoned lamb racks in a roasting pan. Brush them with the honey syrup and orange juice glaze, coating them evenly. Roast the lamb in the oven until it is beautifully browned and cooked to your preferred level of doneness.

Once the lamb is cooked, remove it from the oven and let it rest for a few minutes before carving. This allows the meat to retain its juices and ensures maximum tenderness. Slice the cooked lamb racks into individual chops and place them on a serving platter. Drizzle any remaining pan juices over the meat for an added burst of flavor.

The traditional roast lamb with honey syrup and orange juice glaze is a festive and mouth-watering centerpiece that will wow your guests this holiday season. Its unique combination of flavors and the succulent tenderness of the meat make it a true celebration of Mediterranean cuisine.

Vegetarian Option: Stuffed Eggplant with Cream Cheese & Fresh Herbs

For those looking for a vegetarian option for their Christmas dinner menu, a delightful choice is Stuffed Eggplant with Cream Cheese & Fresh Herbs. This dish is not only visually stunning but also bursting with Mediterranean flavors.

To prepare the eggplant, start by slicing it in half lengthwise and scooping out the flesh, leaving a sturdy shell. Chop the eggplant flesh and set it aside. In a pan, heat some olive oil and sauté onions until they become translucent. Add the chopped eggplant flesh, garlic, and your choice of fresh herbs such as basil, parsley, or oregano. Cook the mixture until the eggplant is soft and fragrant.

In a separate bowl, combine cream cheese, lemon juice, lemon zest, and salt. Once the eggplant mixture is cooked, fold it into the cream cheese mixture. Make sure everything is well-incorporated.

Next, fill the eggplant shells with the creamy mixture. Place the stuffed eggplants in a baking dish and drizzle with olive oil. Bake in a preheated oven until the eggplants are tender and the cheese is slightly golden and bubbly.

The combination of creamy cream cheese and the fresh aroma of herbs brings out the best in the eggplant. This vegetarian option provides a perfect balance to the richness of other festive dishes. Serve it as a main course on your Mediterranean Christmas dinner menu and impress your guests with its flavors and presentation.

Side Dishes

Side Dishes:

No holiday feast is complete without a variety of flavorful and satisfying side dishes, and the Mediterranean has an array of delectable options to choose from. The Mediterranean diet emphasizes fresh vegetables, olive oil, and traditional ingredients, making it the perfect source of inspiration for your Christmas dinner menu. From vibrant cabbage salads to roasted vegetables, there are plenty of options to complement your main course. Roast lamb, a classic dish in many Mediterranean countries, pairs perfectly with roasted vegetables such as peppers, tomatoes, and zucchini. For a vegetarian option, Greek spinach and feta pie is a crowd-pleaser. Made with flaky pastry, sautéed spinach, and crumbled feta cheese, this dish is bursting with Mediterranean flavors. Another delectable side dish is baba ganoush, a creamy dip made from roasted eggplant, tahini, and lemon juice. Sprinkled with fresh dill and served with warm pita bread, it adds a delightful touch to your Christmas table.

Flaky Pastry Filled with Mushrooms & Cheese

Add a touch of Mediterranean flair to your Christmas brunch table with a delectable flaky pastry filled with mushrooms and cheese. This savory treat combines the rich and earthy flavors of mushrooms and the creamy indulgence of cheese, all encased in a buttery and light pastry.

To create this festive dish, you will need a sheet of pre-made flaky pastry, olive oil, mushrooms, cheese (such as feta or gouda), garlic, fresh herbs (such as thyme or rosemary), and salt and pepper to taste.

Start by sautéing the mushrooms in a splash of olive oil until they become tender and golden brown. Add in minced garlic, fresh herbs, and season with salt and pepper. Allow the mixture to cool slightly before assembling the pastry.

Roll out the pastry sheet and cut it into small squares or rectangles. Spoon a generous amount of the mushroom filling onto each piece, then sprinkle with chunks of cheese. Fold the pastry over the filling, sealing the edges by pressing them together with a fork.

Brush the pastry with olive oil for a golden and flaky finish. Bake in a preheated oven at 400°F (200°C) for around 15-20 minutes, or until the pastry turns a beautiful golden brown.

Serve this delightful pastry as a warm appetizer or a main course alongside a fresh green salad. The combination of flaky pastry, mushrooms, and creamy cheese makes for the perfect complement to any festive table. Embrace the Mediterranean flavors and indulge in this delicious creation that highlights the amazing qualities of olive oil in a classic dish.

Greek-Style Rice Pilaf with Olives & Tomatoes

Add a touch of Mediterranean flair to your Christmas dinner with a flavorful and traditional Greek-Style Rice Pilaf with Olives & Tomatoes. This side dish is the perfect complement to any main course and will add a burst of Mediterranean flavors to your festive table.

To make this delicious dish, you will need key ingredients such as olives, tomatoes, and rice. The combination of these ingredients creates a harmonious blend of flavors that will satisfy your taste buds. The briny and tangy olives pair beautifully with the juicy and sweet tomatoes, creating a delightful contrast of tastes.

To prepare the Greek-Style Rice Pilaf with Olives & Tomatoes, start by cooking the rice according to the package instructions. In a separate pan, sauté the olives and tomatoes in olive oil until they become tender and release their flavors. Then, mix the cooked rice with the sautéed olives and tomatoes, and let the flavors meld together. Serve this traditional side dish warm to fully enjoy its aromatic and savory goodness.

This Greek-style rice pilaf with olives and tomatoes is a must-have for your Christmas dinner. Its flavorful and Mediterranean profile will impress your guests and leave them craving for more. Elevate your festive table with this delicious and traditional side dish that perfectly complements any main course.


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