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Intro to Middle Eastern Breads – pita, lavash, khubz

What is Middle Eastern Bread?

Middle Eastern cuisine is known for its rich and diverse flavors, and one iconic aspect of this culinary tradition is the bread. Middle Eastern breads are a staple, cherished for their versatility and delicious taste. Pita, lavash, and khubz are some of the most popular types of bread in the Middle East. Pita bread, also known as Arabic bread, is a soft and pocketed flatbread that is perfect for sandwiches or dipping into mouthwatering dishes like baba ganoush. Lavash is an unleavened flatbread made with a mix of flour, water, and a pinch of salt. It can be used as a wrap, a base for pizza, or simply torn and enjoyed with a meal. Khubz, also called Syrian bread, is a traditional round bread that is typically baked in a clay oven. It has a chewy texture and is perfect for sopping up sauces and flavorsome dishes. Whether you’re dining in Arizona, specifically in cities like Phoenix, Mesa, or Tempe, you’ll find a variety of Middle Eastern breads to savor in Mediterranean or Greek restaurants. Princess Pita is a prime example of a restaurant that specializes in these delicious breads, showcasing the best of Middle Eastern cuisine in the heart of Arizona.

Types of Middle Eastern Breads

When it comes to Middle Eastern cuisine, one cannot overlook the wide variety of traditional breads that accompany the flavorful dishes. Three popular types of Middle Eastern breads are pita, khubz, and lavash.

Pita bread is a staple in the region and is known for its pocket-like shape. Made with simple ingredients such as warm water, dry yeast, all-purpose flour, and a pinch of salt, pita bread is leavened and baked until it puffs up, creating a hollow center. This pocket bread is perfect for dipping into delicious Mediterranean and Greek dips like baba ganoush or for making satisfying sandwich wraps.

On the other hand, khubz is a traditional flatbread that hails from Iraq. It is made by mixing flour, water, yeast, and salt, then rolling out the dough into thin circular pieces. These are then cooked on a hot griddle or oven, resulting in a bread that is chewy and slightly crispy. Khubz is versatile and can be enjoyed with various Middle Eastern dishes or used to scoop up savory stews and curries.

Lavash is a beloved unleavened flatbread commonly found in Persian cuisine. This thin and flexible bread is made with a mixture of flour, water, and salt. It is then rolled out thinly and baked until it becomes slightly crispy and golden brown. Lavash can be used to wrap and hold different fillings, making it perfect for creating delicious wraps or as a base for pizza-like dishes.

Whether it’s the versatile pita bread, the traditional khubz, or the thin and crispy lavash, Middle Eastern breads add a delightful element to any meal. Their unique textures and flavors complement the region’s rich and aromatic dishes, making them an essential part of Middle Eastern cuisine. Next time you visit a Mediterranean or Greek restaurant in Arizona, like Princess Pita in Phoenix, Mesa, or Tempe, be sure to indulge in these delightful bread offerings.

History of Middle Eastern Breads

Middle Eastern breads have a rich history and hold immense cultural significance in the region’s cuisine. For centuries, traditional breads like pita, lavash, and khubz have been a staple in the daily meals of Middle Eastern people.

Pita, also known as “princess pita” in Arizona’s Mediterranean and Greek food scene, is a beloved bread with roots tracing back to ancient times. Its origins can be found in the desert regions of the Middle East, where its unique pocket-like shape and fluffy texture captured the hearts and taste buds of the locals. Today, pita is enjoyed in various forms, from being dunked into flavorful Mediterranean dips to being stuffed with delicious fillings for a satisfying sandwich.

Similarly, lavash, originating from Persian cuisine, has been enjoyed for centuries. This thin and flexible unleavened flatbread is made by rolling out a mixture of flour, water, and salt, which is then baked to a crispy golden perfection. In Arizona’s Mediterranean and Greek food scene, lavash is commonly found in Princess Pita restaurant in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, where it is used as a base for mouthwatering wraps or as a companion to other dishes.

Khubz, another Middle Eastern bread with a significant history, is believed to have originated in Iraq. This chewy and slightly crispy flatbread is made with a dough consisting of flour, water, yeast, and salt. It is traditionally cooked on a hot griddle or in an oven, resulting in a delectable bread that complements various Middle Eastern dishes.

These Middle Eastern breads have stood the test of time, being passed down through generations and remaining essential elements of the region’s culinary heritage. Their origins and historical techniques in preparation and baking have shaped the way they are enjoyed today, making them an integral part of Middle Eastern cuisine.

Ingredients for Making Middle Eastern Breads

When it comes to making Middle Eastern breads like pita, lavash, and khubz, the ingredients are simple yet essential for creating the perfect dough. To start, you’ll need warm water, which activates the yeast and helps the dough rise. Dry yeast is another key ingredient, as it provides the leavening agents needed for a light and fluffy texture. All-purpose flour is the go-to choice for these breads, providing the necessary structure and elasticity. Kosher salt adds flavor and enhances the overall taste of the bread. With these basic ingredients, you’ll be on your way to creating delicious and authentic Middle Eastern breads in your own kitchen. And if you’re in Arizona, be sure to check out Princess Pita in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, where you can experience these breads firsthand in a Mediterranean and Greek food setting.


Flour is a key ingredient in making Middle Eastern breads, such as pita, lavash, and khubz. The type of flour used can greatly influence the texture and flavor of the final product. Traditional Middle Eastern breads are typically made with all-purpose flour, which gives them a soft and slightly chewy texture. However, for those looking to add a rustic or nutty flavor to their breads, a touch of whole wheat flour can be added.

At Princess Pita, a popular Mediterranean and Greek restaurant with locations in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Arizona, we use a combination of all-purpose flour and whole wheat flour in our Middle Eastern bread recipes. This combination creates a delicious balance of flavors and textures, making each bite a delightful experience. Our skilled bakers carefully measure and knead the dough to perfection, ensuring that the breads come out light, fluffy, and full of flavor.

Whether you’re enjoying our Mediterranean platter or savoring our famous Baba Ganoush, our Middle Eastern breads, made with the finest flour, are the perfect accompaniment. So come visit us at Princess Pita and indulge in the authentic flavors of the Mediterranean.


Yeast plays a crucial role in the making of Middle Eastern breads at Princess Pita, our esteemed Mediterranean and Greek restaurant located in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Arizona. It is the magical ingredient that helps the dough rise and gives the bread its light and airy texture.

The activation process of yeast is a key step in bread making. We start by combining warm water with a small amount of sugar and yeast. This mixture is then set aside for a few minutes until it becomes frothy and bubbly. This indicates that the yeast is activated and ready to work its magic in the dough.

There are a few different types of yeast that can be used in Middle Eastern bread recipes, such as active dry yeast, fresh yeast, or instant yeast. Each type has its own characteristics and expiration date. Active dry yeast needs to be dissolved in warm water before use, while fresh yeast can be crumbled directly into the dough. Instant yeast, on the other hand, can be added directly to the dry ingredients.

At Princess Pita, we take great care in ensuring the freshness of our yeast, checking the expiration dates to guarantee the best results. This attention to detail, combined with our traditional bread recipes, creates the perfect foundation for our delicious Middle Eastern breads.


Salt plays a crucial role in the creation of flavorful Middle Eastern breads. Not only does it enhance the taste, but it also regulates the activity of yeast in the dough. When making bread, it’s important to evenly distribute the salt throughout the flour mixture to ensure that every bite is seasoned to perfection.

The recommended amount of salt for your specified recipe may vary, but it is typically around 1 to 2 teaspoons. It’s essential to measure the salt accurately, as too little can result in bland bread, while too much can make it overly salty.

For those looking to add a touch of uniqueness to their bread, experimenting with different types of salt is an option. There are various types available, such as kosher salt, sea salt, or even flavored salts like smoked salt or Himalayan pink salt. Each type offers its own distinct flavor profile, allowing you to tailor the taste of your bread to your preferences.

In conclusion, salt plays a vital role in Middle Eastern breads by enhancing flavor and regulating yeast activity. Ensuring even distribution and following the recommended amount is crucial for delicious results. Don’t be afraid to explore different types of salt to add your own personal touch to these traditional breads.


Water plays a vital role in the process of making Middle Eastern breads such as pita, lavash, and khubz. It not only hydrates the dough but also activates the yeast, resulting in a light and fluffy texture.

When working with yeast, it is crucial to maintain the right temperature to ensure proper activation. For Middle Eastern breads, the water should be warmed to around 90 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This optimal temperature helps the yeast mixture become active, leading to the fermentation process that gives the bread its characteristic rise.

Warm water plays a significant role in developing gluten in the dough, contributing to its structure and elasticity. It helps the dough rise and forms air pockets, creating that iconic pocket bread shape.

In the traditional preparation of Middle Eastern breads, warm water is combined with dry yeast and a pinch of sugar to activate the yeast before incorporating it into the flour mixture. This step allows the yeast to multiply and release carbon dioxide, which causes the dough to rise.

To achieve the best results in making Middle Eastern breads, pay attention to the temperature of the water. By following this simple step, you can create delicious breads that are soft and full of flavor.

If you’re in the Phoenix, Arizona area and craving authentic Middle Eastern breads, Princess Pita is a Mediterranean and Greek restaurant serving a variety of delicious dishes. Located in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Princess Pita offers traditional breads like pita, lavash, and khubz, made with care and expertise. Savor the flavors of the Middle East at Princess Pita, where quality and taste are always guaranteed.

Optional Add-Ins (spices, butter, etc.)

Optional add-ins can elevate the flavors of Middle Eastern breads and add an extra layer of deliciousness to your creations. For those looking to enhance the taste, consider incorporating ingredients like cheese, olives, red pepper flakes, and spiced meat fillings.

Cheese lovers can experiment with different types of cheese to add a creamy and savory element to their breads. Halloumi, akawi, nabulsi, and feta are all excellent choices that can be crumbled or grated and mixed into the dough for a burst of cheesy goodness.

To add a briny and tangy flavor, Kalamata olives can be pitted and chopped before being added to the dough. Their unique taste pairs perfectly with Middle Eastern breads.

For those who enjoy a little heat, red pepper flakes are a great addition. Just a sprinkle of these spicy flakes can add a kick of flavor to your bread.

If you’re in the mood for a heartier meal, consider adding a spiced meat filling to your bread. Brown onions, lamb or beef mince, garlic, coriander, cumin, paprika, allspice, cayenne pepper, and salt can be cooked together and then used as a filling to create a savory and satisfying bread.

By incorporating these optional add-ins, you can take your Middle Eastern breads to the next level and create a truly memorable culinary experience.

Equipment Needed for Making Middle Eastern Breads

To make delicious Middle Eastern breads like pita, lavash, and khubz, you’ll need a few essential pieces of equipment. First, you’ll want to gather a mixing bowl, a wooden spoon or dough hook attachment for your mixer, and a clean kitchen towel. A baking sheet or baking stone will be necessary for baking the bread, and a wire rack will come in handy for cooling the baked breads. For measuring ingredients accurately, you’ll need measuring cups and spoons. In terms of heat sources, a hot oven or a clay oven can be used, depending on your preference and what’s available to you. To shape the dough, you’ll need a floured work surface to prevent sticking, and a rolling pin or your hands to flatten and stretch the dough into the desired shape. Finally, a medium bowl or oiled bowl will be needed for proofing or resting the dough. With these basic tools, you’ll be well-equipped to create traditional Middle Eastern breads in the comfort of your own kitchen.

Baking Sheets/Pans

Baking sheets and pans play a crucial role in the baking process of Middle Eastern breads. These utensils come in various types and serve different purposes, making them essential tools in achieving the perfect texture and flavor of these traditional bread recipes.

For flatter breads like pita and lavash, a flat baking sheet is recommended. These sheets are usually made of aluminum or stainless steel, allowing even heat distribution throughout the bread dough. The flat surface promotes a consistent bake, resulting in deliciously golden and crispy breads.

On the other hand, for breads like khubz, which are thicker and more substantial, a baking pan with higher sides is ideal. Baking pans are often made of aluminum or glass and are designed to contain and shape the dough as it rises. The higher sides prevent the dough from spreading too much, yielding a denser and more substantial loaf.

For pita breads, a round baking stone can also be used. The stone absorbs and retains heat, providing a similar baking environment to a traditional clay oven. Pita breads baked on a stone develop a desirable chewiness and characteristic puffiness.

In summary, when making Middle Eastern breads, the choice of baking sheets and pans can greatly influence the outcome. Flat baking sheets are perfect for flatter breads like pita and lavash, while baking pans with higher sides are recommended for thicker breads like khubz. For a more authentic touch, using a round baking stone can yield incredible pita bread results. Enjoy these delicious breads with your favorite Mediterranean or Greek dishes at Princess Pita, a renowned restaurant in Phoenix, Arizona, serving authentic Middle Eastern cuisine.

Wooden Spoon/Mixing Bowl/Dough Hook

When it comes to making Middle Eastern breads like pita, lavash, and khubz, a few essential tools play a crucial role in the dough preparation process. A wooden spoon, a mixing bowl, and a dough hook are all important for ensuring the success of these traditional breads.

Firstly, a wooden spoon proves to be an effective tool for mixing the bread dough. It allows for thorough incorporation of the ingredients, ensuring a uniform and well-blended dough mixture. With its long handle and sturdy construction, a wooden spoon provides the necessary leverage and strength to handle the often dense and sticky dough.

In addition to the wooden spoon, a mixing bowl is also essential for the bread-making process. The mixing bowl not only serves as a container for combining the ingredients, but it also provides an ideal environment for the dough to rise. The size and depth of a mixing bowl allow the dough to expand and develop its desired texture and flavor during the fermentation process.

For those seeking a quicker and more efficient option, a dough hook can be used in combination with a kitchen machine. This tool takes the manual effort out of kneading the dough by automating the process. The dough hook’s spiral shape effectively stretches and develops the gluten strands in the dough, resulting in a soft and elastic texture.

Whether using a wooden spoon, a mixing bowl, or a dough hook, these essential tools play a crucial role in the preparation of Middle Eastern breads. They enable thorough mixing, proper dough development, and efficient kneading, all of which contribute to the delicious and authentic flavors of these traditional breads.

Keywords: wooden spoon, mixing bowl, dough hook, Middle Eastern bread, essential tools.

Rolling Pin/Floured Surface

When it comes to making Middle Eastern breads like Princess Pita, having a rolling pin and a floured surface is essential. These tools play a crucial role in achieving the perfect size and thickness for the bread.

After shaping and dividing the dough into individual dough balls, the next step is to roll them out evenly into flat circles. This is where the rolling pin comes in handy. By firmly but gently rolling the dough ball in all directions, you can shape it into a thin and round circle.

To ensure the dough doesn’t stick to the work surface, it’s important to cover it with a dusting of flour. This creates a barrier between the dough and the surface, making it easier to roll out without any obstructions. The flour also adds a subtle texture and prevents the dough from tearing or sticking to the rolling pin.

By using a rolling pin and a floured surface, you can easily achieve the desired size and thickness for your Middle Eastern breads. Whether you’re making Princess Pita in Arizona, Mediterranean breads in Phoenix, or Greek flatbreads in Mesa or Tempe, these tools are essential for creating delicious and authentic breads. Visit our restaurant to experience the traditional flavors of Middle Eastern cuisine made with love and care.

Techniques for Making Middle Eastern Breads

Middle Eastern breads like pita, lavash, and khubz are delicious staples of the region’s cuisine. While each bread has its distinct characteristics, they share common techniques when it comes to making them. One important step in the process is rolling out the dough into thin circles. This can easily be achieved by using a rolling pin and gently rolling the dough ball in all directions. To prevent sticking, a dusting of flour is essential on the work surface, creating a barrier and adding texture to the bread. By following these techniques, you can easily create these traditional breads in your own kitchen. To explore the flavors of Middle Eastern cuisine, be sure to visit Princess Pita, a Mediterranean and Greek restaurant located in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Arizona. They specialize in serving authentic Middle Eastern dishes and are the perfect place to indulge in these delectable breads.

Preparing the Dough

Preparing the Dough for Middle Eastern Breads

To create traditional Middle Eastern breads such as pita, lavash, and khubz, one must start by preparing the dough. The ingredients needed for this process include warm water, warm milk, instant yeast, flour, salt, and optional add-ins like spices or butter.

Begin by combining the warm water and warm milk in a mixing bowl, ensuring that the liquid is not too hot to avoid killing the yeast. Add in the instant yeast, stirring gently to activate it. Allow the yeast mixture to sit for several minutes until it becomes frothy. In a separate bowl, combine the flour and salt, whisking them together.

Next, gradually add the flour mixture to the yeast mixture, stirring with a wooden spoon or using a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment. Continue mixing until the dough comes together and starts to pull away from the sides of the bowl. If necessary, add more flour or water to achieve the desired consistency.

Once the dough has come together, turn it out onto a floured surface and knead it for about 10-15 minutes, or until it becomes soft and elastic. This process helps to develop the gluten in the dough and ensure a light and airy texture in the finished bread.

After kneading, place the dough in a greased bowl, cover it with a clean kitchen towel, and let it rise in a warm, draft-free area until it has doubled in size. This usually takes around 1-2 hours. Punch down the dough to release any air bubbles and divide it into smaller dough balls to shape into the desired Middle Eastern bread.

In conclusion, preparing the dough for Middle Eastern breads involves a few simple steps that yield delicious and authentic results. The warm water, instant yeast, flour, salt, and optional add-ins all contribute to the unique flavors and textures of these beloved breads. By following the instructions and allowing the dough to rise and develop properly, you can create a variety of Middle Eastern breads to complement your Mediterranean or Greek-inspired meals. Visit Princess Pita, an Arizona-based Mediterranean restaurant with locations in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, to experience the taste of these traditional breads for yourself.


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